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My focus has been on theater history in the age of Shakespeare, particularly how plays may have been staged then as opposed to now, a pursuit that has involved detailed attention to the surviving stage directions. I have also spent much time viewing and writing about today’s productions.


1963, PhD English, Johns Hopkins University


Elizabethan Stage Conventions and Modern Interpreters (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1984)

Recovering Shakespeare’s Theatrical Vocabulary (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995)

A Dictionary of Stage Directions in English Drama, 1580-1642, co-authored with Leslie Thomson (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1999)

Rescripting Shakespeare: The Text, the Director, and Modern Productions (Cambridge University Press, 2002)

“Much Virtue in O-Oh: A Case Study,”Early Theatre, 20.2 (2017), 121-130.


NEH Senior Research Fellowship at the Folger Shakespeare Library 1976-77

NEH Senior Fellowship, the Folger Shakespeare Library, Spring 1991

Fellow, National Humanities Center, 2000-01

Mellon Foundation Emeritus Grant, 2007-9

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